Category Archives: Ham Radio

Real World Ham Radio Exercise – When All Else Fails…

I’ve had many people ask me, “So why did you get into Ham Radio?”

I tell them, “I got into it for local, regional, national, and global communications, among other things.”

Then they come back and say things like, “Get a cell phone or smart phone. Why use 50-100 year old technology?”

Sometimes, being “old fashioned” pays off.

Approximately on 2:30 AM EDT on July 7, 2017, a strong wind event occured taking out huge healthy trees, lots of power lines, leaves, etc. Sadly a lot of structures were damanged including a house in Grand Haven that sadly ended someone’s life.

I remember sitting in my basement listening to the strong west winds pushing on the glass of our walkout slider. I remember thinking, “Well, I’m sure I’ll lose my antennas or porch or worse…”

I was on my radio at the time checked into our SKYWARN net for Ottawa County. Before I continue, I want to give a huge shoutout to all the spotters and our net control that evening. The net ran super smoothly and considering it lasted from 2:30 AM until around 4:45 AM, we had about 8-10 people checked in giving reports from various areas in the county. Great job to the Ottawa County Skywarn Team! One of our spotters clocked a 69 MPH wind gust at his home station! Some areas had winds over 90MPH!

If you ever want to listen to the Holland Repeater that also serves as the Ottawa County Skywarn Repeater, Click Here. There’s a good net that meets on Monday night at 7:30 PM ET. So feel free to listen on in.

Anyway, after the worst of the storm passed, I walked outside to survey the damage (around 4AM) around the neighborhood. Other than a couple large branches, lots of twigs and tree debris, our yard and home was spared, including my antennas. I know others in my area did not fare so well. One of my neighbor’s HF antennas did not survie. It was crushed by a large tree. I did find some large umbrellas in the middle of the street so I moved those off to the side of the road. We were also the fortunate street in our area not to lose power but only for a few seconds during the storm event. Most people were without power for 72 hours! My sister and her husband were without power for approx 18 hours.

However, also around 4AM, I lost our Comcast connection so there went our TV, phone & internet service. Fortunately I had my cell phone so I could still text, make calls, and get online and I can “tether” my phone to my computer for internet access as well. But I knew that the cell tower must have lost electricity because my cellular performace was horrible. I only live about a half mile away from the closest tower. And after looking at an outage map, the tower was right in the middle of an outage zone. It was only a matter of time before the backup power failed at the cell site & that would end my cellular connectivity.

Sure enough, about 12 hours after the storm came through, the cell site’s emergency power died. It sucked because I was just in the middle of catching Pokemon. Haha! I also took that time to walk around the neighborhood to see the damage. I heard lots of generators running. You could tell who didn’t have power that’s for sure. I saw a huge tree down in someone’s yard. That was sad to see.

Here’s a photo I shot of someone’s downed tree.

So how did I survive being without internet and cell service for so long? That’s where Ham Radio comes into play.

I was able to talk to others as far south as Glenn, as far north as Muskegon, West as Holland, and East as Grand Rapids. I was able to get information about what roads were passible and where power lines were down, as well as find out what places had power.

I know most of the fast food places in the area did not have power. Only one McDonalds was open and the lines were out the door since most people didn’t have power and needed to eat. They even had to have other McDonalds in other counties come in to resupply them because they were going through inventory so fast.

Back to Ham Radio, so how did this “old fashioned” technology help me? Sure I was able to talk to people but what about letting family and friends know you were ok? And how could you inform them if they don’t have radios or are not licensed?

There are many ways, probably too many to mention, but there’s the NTS (National Traffic System) and others like it. It is fast and reliable but not instant as in the following below.

Thanks to VHF Packet, HF Winmor, and APRS, I was able to communicate with family and friends efficiently!

I was able to send email to my mom & dad to let them know I was fine and that we had no damage at the house using VHF Packet & HF Winor. Here’s a video tutorial showing HF Winmor and VHF Packet in action.

And I was also able to use a text messaging service to text family & friends using APRS on my radio! Video on that!

So as you can see, there are many ways to communicate with non-hams in an emergency situation.

Since I have been licensed, I’ve been participating in a event called Field Day. Individuals and clubs get together to test out equipment and make sure everything is in working order and ready just in case there is a disaster of any kind and we’re called upon to help serve the community. It’s also a fun time socializing and eating some delicious food! Yum!

Here’s what a Field Day station can look like:

If you want to learn more about ham radio and get licensed, go ahead and click here! You never know when being licensed can come in handy. It’s a good way to volunteer for your community & help others communicate around the globe. Also, if you want to see Ham Radio in action, find a Field Day site near you and check it on out. Everyone is welcome. You can even jump on the air and make some QSOs (Contacts) with someone next to you to show you the ropes. Field Day is always the Fourth weekend of June.

And lastly, all of the methods of communication I have mentioned, with the exeption of HF Winmor, only need a Technician License. That’s the first out of three licenses. The exam is easy. 35 questions total, multiple choice and get 27 correct to pass. If you want to use HF Winmor, you’ll need to upgrade from Technician to General, which is also a 35 question multiple choice exam and 27 correct to pass.

From AARL:

The Technician class license is the entry-level license of choice for most new ham radio operators. To earn the Technician license requires passing one examination totaling 35 questions on radio theory, regulations and operating practices. The license gives access to all Amateur Radio frequencies above 30 megahertz, allowing these licensees the ability to communicate locally and most often within North America. It also allows for some limited privileges on the HF (also called “short wave”) bands used for international communications

The General class license grants some operating privileges on all Amateur Radio bands and all operating modes. This license opens the door to world-wide communications. Earning the General class license requires passing a 35 question examination. General class licensees must also have passed the Technician written examination.

The Amateur Extra class license conveys all available U.S. Amateur Radio operating privileges on all bands and all modes. Earning the license is more difficult; it requires passing a thorough 50 question examination. Extra class licensees must also have passed all previous license class written examinations.

I hope you find this useful and see how Amateur Radio can assist in emergency communications. No so old fashioned after all!

73s! & see you on the air!

DSTAR Tutorial

Greetings! I wrote this DSTAR tutorial and thought others could benefit from it.

I hope everyone finds it useful!

A couple caveats. First, if you’re reading this from another area of Michigan or in another state, check to see which DSTAR repeater is closest to you and register with that repeater. You can consult the website repeater list for more help. Second, the examples provided in this tutorial will only work for the greater Grand Rapids, MI area. You’ll need to use the repeater callsigns closest to you, but programing your radios is the exact same procedure.

Each radio has different layouts and menu options. Please consult your manuals for DSTAR menu and layout information.

First, in order to use DSTAR repeaters, you need to register your callsign & have someone approve you. Since all the DSTAR repeaters globally “talk” to each other, you only need to register with one repeater. The closest one is in Grand Rapids and its call is WX8GRR. It’s run by the West Michigan Technical Group. You need to visit this website and follow all the instructions laid out on it to get registered on the DSTAR Network. Remember, once you’ve registered on the Grand Rapids repeater, you’ll never need to register again for any DSTAR repeater in the world.

Please read everything on this page carefully & follow all instructions. Once you’ve registered, you’ll need to wait for someone to approve your request. It took a couple weeks for them to approve me. It took 24 hours for them to approve a friend of mine. To find out if your request was approved, visit this site & try logging in.


If you get an error message and you’ve typed in the correct password you created at registration, then your registration is still “Pending.” If you log in & see a “control panel” of information, you’re all set and can proceed with the following tutorial.

Now that you’re registered & have configured your “control panel” online, let’s turn to the radio.

First, DSTAR has 3 modules that you should be aware of. They are Modules A, B, and C. You’ll be using B and C the most. Those refer to amateur bands. Module A is 1.2 GHz. Module B is 440, and Module C is 2 meters.

There are 4 fields of information that are important to DSTAR. They are UR CALL (Your Call), MYCALL, RPT1, and RPT2.

I’m going to use the Grand Rapids DSTAR 2 meter repeater for my example.

First, let’s tune in the repeater. You’ll receive on 147.290 and you’ll transmit on 147.890. Since DSTAR is digital, you don’t need to worry about PL (CTCSS) or DCS (Digital Tone Squelch) tones.

Find those 4 fields I mentioned earlier in your radio settings somewhere.

Oh make sure you set your operating mode to DV or Digital Voice. Each radio probably calls it something different.

MYCALL = Your callsign. Just put in your callsign in the MyCall field & you’ll never need to touch it again unless another ham wants to use your radio.

The UR CALL field should be set to CQCQCQ (there is other information you can put in here and I’ll go over that later).

RPT1 should be filled out with WX8GRR_C

RPT2 should be filled out with WX8GRR_G

The underscore indicates a SPACE. Don’t actually use an Underscore when programing your radio. There are 8 character spaces for these fields & ALL 8 spaces must be used in order for the radio to communicate with the repeater. Since WX8GRR is 6 characters long, you’ll need to insert a blank space in the 7th slot and then C in the 8th. If a repeater’s callsign is 7 characters long, you don’t need to insert a space as the 8th character will be either A, B, or C, depending on the band you’re using. If a repeater callsign is 5 characters long, you’ll need to insert 2 spaces to get to the 8th character spot and fill it with A, B, or C.

Since you’re using the Grand Rapids 2 meter repeater, you’re using module C hence why RPT1 has a C at the end.

The G in RPT2 at the end of the call indicates Gateway. It is common practice to use G in the 8th slot for RPT2. This will allow DSTAR Dongles & DVAPS to hear you on the repeater if anyone with a Dongle is listening.

Once you have those 4 fields of info filled out, give out a call on the repeater! Congrats! You’re all set. Anyone listening to the Grand Rapids DSTAR 2 meter repeater will hear you and DV Dongles that are connected to the repeater as well will be able to communicate with you as well.

Let’s say you want to LINK the Grand Rapids 2 meter repeater to another repeater somewhere in the world. I’ll use the PI1RYS repeater in Amsterdam for this example.

Since you’re using the 2 meter repeater, you don’t need to retune your radio or change the MYCALL, RPT1, and RPT2 fields. The only field you need to change is the URCALL field.

You’ll change it to read PI1RYSBL

PI1RYS is the repeater. The B is for 70cm or 440. And the L stands for LINK.

Once you have this in the URCALL field, key up for a couple seconds and release the PTT. You should get an audio message back saying something like “Remote system linked” or “remote system active”. If you here that, go ahead and change the URCALL field back to CQCQCQ. Once you’ve done that, throw out your call and see if anyone responds. Now anyone tuned into the Grand Rapids 2 meter repeater or the Amsterdam 70cm repeater can hear you, as well as DV Dongles listening on Grand Rapids or Amsterdam.

Once you’re done with the QSO or you get no response, you need to UNLINK the 2 repeaters. This is easy.

In the 8th character spot of the URCALL Field, put a U

So there should be 7 blank spaces with a U in the 8th. Key up for a couple seconds and let go of the PTT. You should hear an audio response saying “Remote System Unlinked” or something like that.

Once you hear that, change the URCALL field back to CQCQCQ & you’re done!

Congrats! You’ve just made an international call via DSTAR repeaters.

There are so many other things you can do like linking to reflectors (those are groups of repeaters linked together via an internet connection), linking to a specific person’s callsign so you can have a semi private QSO, and etc. It would take a long time to write all of that down.

Here are some useful links for DSTAR that can help you that expands on my tutorial. is a great site to find other repeaters in the world as well as other DSTAR users.

On the same site, there is a DSTAR calculator that’ll tell you how to link to other repeaters, reflectors, perform an echo test, etc. It’ll show you what you need to input into those 4 fields I mentioned from above.

Here’s another website you can use to see DSTAR User activity within the DSTAR netowrk.


Just remember, once you’ve linked to a repeater or a reflector, don’t forget to change the URCALL Field back to CQCQCQ. That’s important. And don’t forget to unlink the repeater or reflector once you’re done with your QSO.

I hope this tutorial helps those of you, new or old, to the DSTAR Network or Amateur Radio!

Good luck & 73s!

PS, there is a Michigan state-wide DSTAR net that meets every Monday night at 8 PM on Reflector 24A.

Gov. Snyder Declares Amateur Radio Week

As a ham radio operator, I’m very glad to see statewide recognition for ham radio operators. Ham radio operators, or hams, do a lot of community service projects including, but not limited to, prividing free radio communications for bike-a-thons, marathons, walk-a-thons, etc. Hams also provide emergency communications skills to organizations such as the Red Cross, Salvation Army, the National Weather Service, and more. They do a lot.

My neighbor approached my dad the other day & asked him what the big mast was for in our yard. My dad told him that, “my son is a ham radio operator.” I walked outside as I heard my dad mention ham radio and explained my antenna system. He shared a story with me about how when he was younger, living in another state, his neighbors had family living in another state. There was some sort of disaster in the city his neighbor’s family lived in. His neighbors tried calling the police & other emergency services but they couldn’t find anything out from them. So his neighbors went to another neighbor who was a ham. They explained the situation and within 8 minutes, the neighbor ham had them communicating with each other to let them know they were ok thanks to another ham operator in the effected city.

That’s a great example of how hams help out people & communities. I’m a SKYWARN spotter, a group of people who are trained & certified storm spotters for their communities. We go out & observe storms & the damage they cause and report conditions to the National Weather Service via Ham Radio.

I also participate in traffic nets – these are people who pass messages along to hams or non-hams alike. Messages can range from wellfare checks to routine messages containing birthday wishes or reminders to renew your amateur license. I don’t remember the year this was performed, but some time ago, there was an experiement done to see how long a message would take to go around the world. A ham sent himself a message that had to go around the world from ham operator to ham operator as a relay. It took the message 16 minutes 30 seconds from time of departure to return back to the originating station! Impressive! That’s the power of ham radio.

I’m also now an ARRL acredited VE (Volunteer Examiner). As a General class license holder, I can administer Technician level exams for new hams. That’s another good way to give back to the community.

When cell phones and the internet don’t work, Ham Radio will. Most people run their radios on batteries tied to solar panels or wind generators. There are a few VHF/UHF repeaters that have emergency power capabilities & some even run exclusively on solar and/or wind power.

There is a lot you can do within the hobby. You don’t have to know how to build anything. You don’t have to learn morse code. You don’t have to have a complicated setup at all. You don’t need a big tower in your yard to operate on a global level. All you need to do is pass a 35 question exam (you need to get 26 answers correct to pass) to earn your first license, the Technician License. That gives you limited HF (High Frequency) access on certain HF bands & frequences & full access to VHF (Very High Frequencies) & UHF (Ultra High Frequencies). The next level up is the General license. Again, you have to pass a 35 question exam, getting 26 correct answers to pass, and that’ll give you access to more frequencies in the HF bands. And the last level is the Extra class, which gives you access to all Amateur frequencies. You have to pass a 50 question exam, getting 37 correct to pass.

Here are some good resources to check out if you’re interested in learning more about ham radio or you want to study. Visit the ARRL website to learn more about the hobby. And visit HamStudy to study for exams and take practice exams. Setting up a FREE account with them will allow you to save your progress and allow you to home in on exam sections that cuase you trouble.

It’s nice seeing hams get recognized from the state government in Michigan. I hope this gets the public’s attention.

When a disaster strikes: manmade or natural or when normal lines of communication don’t work or are intermitent at best, Hams will step up to the challenge & help. That’s what we do.

Thanks for reading! And here’s a copy of the declaration made by Gov. Snyder declaring Amateur Radio Week in Michigan from June 20th – 26th, 2016